Are Mushrooms Legal In Canada? What You Need To Know


Wondering if mushrooms are legal in Canada? We break down the laws, regulations, and more to provide you with all the answers you need!


Mushrooms have become a topic of interest and debate in recent years due to their reported therapeutic and recreational benefits. However, their legal status in Canada is not as straightforward as many may assume. A surge in interest has been noted in the potential therapeutic applications of magic mushrooms, notably psilocybin, one of their active ingredients. In fact, a number of clinical trials exploring the use of psilocybin have yielded promising results. Despite these developments, no psilocybin-containing therapeutic products have received approval in Canada or any other country as of yet. The pursuit of research into this unapproved drug is most effectively and appropriately carried out through clinical trials, which are designed with stringent controls to ensure the health and safety of participating patients. This underscores the complexity of the legal landscape regarding mushrooms in Canada, which necessitates a comprehensive understanding of its components and implications.

Overview Of Canadian Drug Laws

Canadian drug laws are the foundation upon which all regulations surrounding mushrooms are built. These laws aim to protect public health and safety by controlling the production, distribution, and consumption of controlled substances within Canada. The Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA) is the primary legislation governing drug control in Canada, with additional regulations and guidelines issued by Health Canada.

The CDSA divides controlled substances into different schedules based on their potential for harm and therapeutic benefits. Psilocybin-containing mushrooms fall under Schedule III, making it illegal to possess or traffic them unless a medical or scientific professional has approved their use. Non-psilocybin mushrooms are not listed in the CDSA and are therefore not subject to the same restrictions.

Legal Status Of Mushrooms In Canada

With the division of mushrooms into psilocybin-containing and non-psilocybin categories, it’s essential to understand how they are classified under Canadian law.

Classification Of Mushrooms

Psilocybin-containing mushrooms are classified as a controlled substance due to their psychoactive properties and potential for harm. On the other hand, non-psilocybin mushrooms do not fall under any controlled substance category and are therefore not subject to the same regulations.

The CDSA states that psilocybin-containing mushrooms must meet specific criteria to be considered a controlled substance, including the amount of psilocybin present and the intended use. These criteria also apply to any product containing psilocybin, such as capsules or edibles.

Changes In Legal Status Over Time

The legal status of mushrooms in Canada has undergone significant changes. Until 1974, magic mushrooms were legal to possess and use as they were not classified as a controlled substance. However, their status changed in 1974 when they were classified as controlled substances under the CDSA, making them illegal.


In 2005, Health Canada issued an exemption allowing certain individuals to access psilocybin for medical purposes. This exemption, initially granted for those with terminal illnesses or severe treatment-resistant conditions, was renewed in 2017. In 2020, a similar exemption was granted to four terminally ill individuals seeking end-of-life care. These exemptions allow for psilocybin-assisted therapy under specific conditions.

Types Of Psilocybin Mushrooms In Canada

There are over 180 species of mushrooms with psilocybin, with the most common being Psilocybe cubensis. These mushrooms vary in color, shape, and size, but all contain the psychoactive compound psilocybin. In Canada, they can be found growing in areas such as forests or meadows. Dried magic mushrooms can also be purchased in various forms, including whole or powdered. This makes it essential to understand how to identify and differentiate between different mushroom species.

Apart from dried mushrooms, there are a wide variety of edible magic mushrooms that can be found in Canada online. These include gummies, dark chocolate bars, and fruit strips to choose from, making it easier for consumers. These mushrooms are known for their unique flavors and textures and can be consumed raw.

Magic mushrooms have a long history of medicinal use in indigenous cultures. They contain compounds that have been found to have potential therapeutic benefits, such as reducing symptoms of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Ongoing research and clinical trials are exploring the potential of psilocybin-assisted therapy for mental health treatment, with promising results.

Health Canada Regulations

Health Canada plays a crucial role in regulating mushrooms within Canada to ensure public safety. This includes issuing licenses for the production, sale, and use of controlled substances under specific conditions.

Access To Psilocybin For Therapeutic Use

Health Canada recognizes the burgeoning interest in psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy, including the potential use of psilocybin. It acknowledges the ongoing research into the therapeutic benefits of psilocybin for mental health disorders, including depression and anxiety. However, the organization also stresses the potential risks associated with this form of therapy. These risks may include, but are not limited to, psychological distress, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and potential interactions with other medications or substances.

Health Canada emphasizes that the use of psilocybin outside of approved clinical trials or treatments may carry potential legal and health risks. The organization continues to closely monitor the international scientific and medical developments related to psilocybin and its potential therapeutic use.

Restrictions And Requirements

Health Canada has strict requirements and restrictions in place for the therapeutic use of psilocybin. These regulations aim to ensure the safe and responsible use of psilocybin for medical purposes:

  • Individuals must have a diagnosis of a mental health disorder that has not responded to conventional treatments.
  • The use of psilocybin must be supervised by a healthcare professional with appropriate training and experience.
  • Dosage limits are specified, with microdoses initially prescribed and gradually increased according to the individual’s response.
  • The treatment must take place in a designated healthcare facility or clinic, with appropriate safety measures and support systems in place.

Medical And Therapeutic Applications

The potential medical and therapeutic applications of mushrooms are still being explored, with research and clinical trials ongoing. Preliminary results have shown promising results for treating mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and PTSD.

In January 2022, a significant development occurred in the regulatory landscape concerning psilocybin in Canada. Health Canada amended the regulations pertaining to the Special Access Program (SAP). The SAP is a unique program designed to provide access to non-marketed drugs for practitioners treating patients with serious or life-threatening conditions.

Under the new regulations, medical professionals can request access to psilocybin for patients who have not responded to conventional treatments, or for whom these treatments are unsuitable or unavailable in Canada. This amendment represents a notable shift towards recognizing the potential therapeutic value of psilocybin in healthcare.

Legal Implications Of Cultivating Magic Mushrooms

The legality of cultivating magic mushrooms in Canada depends on the intended use and scale of production. The following outlines the current legal framework for personal and commercial cultivation.

Personal Cultivation

Personal cultivation of magic mushrooms is currently illegal in Canada. This includes growing, harvesting, or possessing any species containing psilocybin. Individuals caught cultivating mushrooms for personal use may face criminal charges.

Commercial Cultivation

Commercial cultivation of magic mushrooms in Canada requires a license from Health Canada. This process involves extensive application procedures and compliance with specific regulations and standards. Failure to obtain the necessary licenses may result in legal consequences.

Risks And Consequences In Canada

While there are potential benefits associated with the use of magic mushrooms, there are also inherent risks that individuals should be aware of before consuming or handling these fungi.

Criminal Charges

Possessing, cultivating, or selling magic mushrooms is currently illegal in Canada. Individuals caught engaging in these activities may face criminal charges, which can result in fines, imprisonment, and a permanent criminal record.

Penalties And Fines

Possession of magic mushrooms for trafficking or exporting in Canada carries severe penalties. If charged as an indictable offence, the penalty can result in a prison sentence of up to 10 years. Alternatively, for a summary conviction, the sentencing may be as lengthy as 18 months. Given these harsh penalties, it is crucial to adhere to local laws and regulations concerning magic mushrooms. 

Dangers Of Misidentification

Identifying the correct species of mushrooms is crucial to avoid potential health hazards or legal consequences. Consuming misidentified mushrooms can result in severe illness or even death. It’s essential to consult trained mycologists or experts when handling and consuming wild mushrooms, especially if there is any uncertainty about their species.

Potential For Abuse And Addiction

While there is limited research on the addictive potential of magic mushrooms, some studies suggest that they may have a lower potential for dependence than other psychedelic substances. However, individuals who use magic mushrooms regularly may develop tolerance and require higher doses to achieve the desired effects. Continued or excessive consumption can also result in psychological dependence, leading to problematic drug use behaviors. It’s crucial to consume magic mushrooms responsibly and seek professional help if dependence or addiction becomes a concern.

Purchase Your Magic Mushrooms Today From 3 Amigos! 

Consuming magic mushrooms can carry significant risks, both legally and for your health. It’s crucial to understand the potential consequences and take appropriate safety measures before considering using these fungi. If you do choose to consume magic mushrooms, make sure to consult experts, follow safe identification practices, and adhere to dosage limits to minimize any potential risks. Remember that the legal status of mushrooms in Canada is constantly evolving, so it’s essential to stay informed and comply with all regulations and laws surrounding their use.

So, if you are still interested in trying magic mushrooms, try 3 Amigos mushrooms! We offer a variety of high-quality and safe mushrooms in Canada and its different cities with the best psychedelic therapy spots. Embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing with magic mushrooms in Canada!


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